(*1) The EU informs the other parties to the agreements that during the transitional period, the United Kingdom must be treated as a member state for the purposes of these agreements. Part 6 relates to the institutional provisions underlying the agreement and how to resolve VA disputes. The main changes to Part 6 of the March 2018 draft relate to disputes related to the agreement itself, which the Commission had originally proposed, should be resolved by the ECJ if they could not be resolved in the Joint Committee. Instead, the November draft proposes, in Article 170, that all disputes that are not settled in the Joint Committee be referred to an independent arbitration tribunal which will give a binding decision on the dispute. However, where litigation requires the interpretation of terms or provisions of EU law, Article 174 obliges the Tribunal to refer them to the ECJ in order to interpret in a binding manner those terms or provisions which the Tribunal must then apply. Iceland, the Principality of Liechtenstein, the Kingdom of Norway and the Swiss Confederation have entered into and apply corresponding agreements with the United Kingdom that apply to EU citizens; NOTE that it is necessary to tackle the particular situation of the island of Ireland with a single solution in order to ensure the orderly withdrawal of the United Kingdom from the Union, the obligations arising from the cooperation agreement between the European Community and its Member States, the Swiss Confederation, on the other hand, in order to combat fraud and any other illegal activity infringing on its financial interests (11) has expired the 15-day working period covered by Article 4, paragraph 5 of Regulation (EC) No. 139/2004, without one of the Member States examining the merger in accordance with their national competition law having expressed its rejection of the European Commission`s request; or the 2019 revisions also adapted elements of the political statement and replaced the word “appropriate” with “appropriate” with respect to labour standards. According to Sam Lowe, a trade fellow at the Centre for European Reform, the amendment excludes labour standards from dispute resolution mechanisms.  In addition, the Equal Competition Mechanism has been postponed from the legally binding withdrawal agreement to the political declaration, and the line of the political statement that “the United Kingdom will consider taking into account alignment with trade union rules in the relevant areas” has been removed.  (-2) In the event of an extension, the Union informs the other parties to the international agreements. The most important elements of the draft agreement are: The agreement on the withdrawal of the United Kingdom from Great Britain and Northern Ireland from the European Union and the European Atomic Energy Community[ signed on 24 January 2020, is a treaty between the European Union (EU), Euratom and the United Kingdom , which sets out the conditions for the UK`s exit from the EU and Euratom. The text of the treaty was published on 17 October 2019 and is a renegotiated version of an agreement published six months earlier.
The previous version of the withdrawal agreement was rejected three times by the House of Commons, leading Queen Elizabeth II to accept Theresa May`s resignation as Prime Minister of the United Kingdom and appoint Boris Johnson as the new Prime Minister on 24 July 2019. 2. Following the notification by the United Kingdom and the Union of the effective date of the agreements covered in paragraph 1, the joint committee established by Article 164 (“joint committee”) sets the date from which the provisions of this title apply to nationals of Iceland, the Principality of Liechtenstein, the Kingdom of Norway and the Swiss Confederation.